In my last post, we concluded our examination of God’s Judgment on Y’hudah and Yerushalayim in Part 3 covering Yesha’yahu 3:16-4:1. In this post, we look at The Branch of the Lord in Yesha’yahu 4:2-6.
After saying the times are going to be dark and difficult, brutal and bloody in the previous passage we explored, here in verses 2 through 6, Yesha’yahu says there’s hope – for Isra’el will experience a tremendous awakening. Thus, for the people of Isra’el, the day of the Lord begins as a dark day indeed.
But this is not surprising, for the Hebrew reckoning of any day begins with the setting of the sun. For many of us, our day begins with the rising of the sun, but I like the Hebrew way of thinking better because it begins in darkness and works toward the light. The day of the Lord begins in darkness – judgment, wrath, trouble, plague, problems, war, worry, disease, destruction. But then the Son comes. Yeshua HaMashiach comes back. That’s why Yeshua says, whoever holds out till the end will be delivered. Matthew 24:13 (CJB)
2 On that day, Adonai’s plant will be beautiful and glorious; and the fruit of the land will be the pride and splendor of Isra’el’s survivors. Most modern English translations of on that day, Adonai’s plant translate it as in that day the branch of the Lord.
The history of the interpretation has followed two distinct paths. One views this phrase as a Messianic title of the promised Davidic ruler, the other interprets it as a sign of God’s blessing on nature and considers the branch to be parallel to the fruit of the land. But the two interpretations may not be mutually exclusive since in Hebrew parallelism the second idea is often not strictly synonymous but expands the thought of the first idea. That day is a future day, a time that comes after the judgment described in 2:5-4:1.
3 Those left in Tziyon and remaining in Yerushalayim will be called holy, and everyone in Yerushalayim written down for life. 4 When Adonai washes away the filth of the women of Tziyon and cleanses Yerushalayim from the bloodshed in it with a blast of searing judgment,
The remnant will be holy. Holiness means set apart or consecrated for service to the Lord. Such a relationship implies an obedient lifestyle. Verse 5 explicitly states that Tziyon’s blessed future condition will be accomplished through judgment. It is an act of the grace of God. God’s people must wash themselves (see 1:16), but it is God who makes them clean.
5 Adonai will create over the whole site of Mount Tziyon and over those who assemble there a smoking cloud by day and a shining, flaming fire by night; for the Glory will be over everything like a hupah [wedding canopy]. 6 A sukkah will give shade by day from the heat; it will also provide refuge and cover from storm and rain. ~ Yesha’yahu 4:2-6 (CJB)
After the Exodus from Egypt, God guided Isra’el through the desert by a cloud and flame (see Exodus 40:38), which represented God’s mysterious and powerful presence with His people. Yesha’yahu used this language to teach that the future remnant will again enjoy an intimate and assuring relationship with God after the judgment.
Yeshua is coming back. He’s going to purge the people of Isra’el of their unbelief. Oh, what a glorious day that will be!
In my next blog, we will move on the explore The Parable of the Vineyard in Yesha’yahu 5:1-7.
 A sukkah is a temporary dwelling associated with the Feast of Tabernacles to remind us of the tents that the Israelites lived in during their Exodus from Egypt.