The Future Glory of Tziyon ~ Part 1 ~ Yesha’yahu 54:1-8

In my last post, I  recapped both the Characteristics and the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53. In this post, we move forward to learn about The Future Glory of Tziyon ~ Part 1 in Yesha’yahu 54:1-8. Don’t -worry; this is only a two-part series. I’m trying to keep the posts on a single page.

After the sorrow of chapter 53 comes the singing of chapter 54.

1 “Sing, barren woman who has never had a child! Burst into song, shout for joy, you who have never been in labor! For the deserted wife will have more children than the woman who is living with her husband,” says Adonai.

A barren woman was often scorned in the ancient Near East and sometimes replaced by a secondary wife. With no sons to care for her in her old age, she was particularly vulnerable. Thus, barrenness is a frequent image of loneliness and helplessness. In this verse, Yerushalayim is depicted as a barren woman who will have a child (like Sarah, Rachel, or Hannah). Indeed, she will have many children. Thus, her sadness will turn to joy (see Psalm 113:9).

2 Enlarge the space for your tent, extend the curtains of your dwelling; do not hold back, lengthen your cords, make your tent pegs firm.

Tziyon is seen here with the patriarchal image of the tent. As a mother who has been blessed with many children, Tziyon will need a spacious tent. The tents were made of hand-woven, three-feet-wide strips of dark goats’ hair. When more family members needed to be accommodated, additional pieces could be sewn on. The cords that stretched from center poles to corner poles would have to be longer and tent pegs made of stronger, thicker wood to hold the weight.

3 For you will spread out to the right and the left, your descendants will possess the nations and inhabit the desolated cities.4 Don’t be afraid, for you won’t be ashamed; don’t be discouraged, for you won’t be disgraced. You will forget the shame of your youth, no longer remember the dishonor of being widowed.

The metaphor here in verse 4 is clarified in verse 6. A woman who was unable to bear children was believed to be under the punishment of a deity, incapable of serving the function for which she was married and therefore liable to be rejected and abandoned by her husband. The word translated youth here refers to one who has not borne a child. Her shame is her barrenness. She is a widow because her husband has abandoned her (as most marriage contracts allowed) and therefore is the object of reproach with little hope of remarrying. She is thus stripped of short-term support by a husband and the support in her old age that could be expected from children. [1]

5 For your husband is your Maker, Adonai-Tzva’ot is His name. The Holy One of Isra’el is your Redeemer. He will be called the God of all the earth. 

The prophecy tells the widow Isra’el not to be afraid because Adonai-Tzva’ot has married her. She has gone from nothing to everything, as the list of divine names makes clear.

6 For Adonai has called you back like a wife abandoned and grief-stricken; “A wife married in her youth cannot be rejected,” says your God. 7 “Briefly I abandoned you, but with great compassion, I am taking you back. 8 I was angry for a moment and hid My face from you, but with everlasting grace, I will have compassion on you,” says Adonai your Redeemer.

The metaphor changes in these verses. Isra’el is no longer a widow; she is a divorcee. Adonai, her husband, has abandoned her, but now He will take her back. The relationship between Adonai and Isra’el as described here is like the relationship between Hosea and Gomer (see Hosea 1; 3) that typifies Isra’el’s relationship with Adonai. He rejected Isra’el because of her sin (in a surge of anger), but now He takes her back with everlasting covenant love.

So, from the eternal perspective, the distance between Adonai and Isra’el was short-lived. The I am taking you back is also addressed by Kefa and James.

Moreover, dear friends, do not ignore this: with the Lord, one day is like a thousand years and a thousand years like one day ~ 2 Peter 3:8 (CJB)

What we’re going through presently is just for a little moment in light of eternity. Maybe you had a bad day today or a bad life so far. But really, it’s just for a small moment because James says you don’t even know if you will be alive tomorrow! For all you are is a mist that appears for a little while and then disappears. ~ James 4:14 (CJB) For a small moment you’re experiencing difficulties, but Adonai’s kindness will last through eternity.

In my next post, we complete our journey to learn about The Future Glory of Tziyon ~ Part 2 in Yesha’yahu 54:9-17.

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[1] Bible Background Commentary – Old Testament.

The Suffering Servant Part ~ 14 ~Yesha’yahu 52:13-53:12

In my last post, we completed our examination of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu 53. In this post, I want to recap both the Characteristics and the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53. Truthfully, I wanted to do this for myself, so I thought I would share it with you.

After a brief introduction to the Suffering Servant and discussing His identity, we explored His Characteristics:

  • The Servant Was Humble ~ Isaiah 53:1-2
  • The Servant Was Willing to Suffer Rejection ~ 53:3
  • The Servant Suffered Silently and Didn’t Retaliate ~ 53:7
  • The Servant Was Willing to Suffer ~ 53:8
  • The Servant Was Righteous and a Good Man Who Suffered Innocently ~ 53:9-10

We then moved on the examining His Accomplishments:

  • The Servant Bore Sorrows, Grief, and Sickness ~ 53:4
  • The Servant Died a Substitutionary Death for Our Sins ~ 53:5-6
  • The Servant Suffered a Humiliating Death ~ 53:8-9
  • The Servant Sacrifice Is an Offering for Our Sins ~ 53:10
  • The Servant Justifies Many ~ 53:11
  • The Servant Died and Rose from the Grave ~ 53:12

It’s interesting to me that verses 8-10 are prominent in both lists of attributes.

8 After forcible arrest and sentencing, He was taken away; and none of His generation protested His being cut off from the land of the living for the crimes of My people, who deserved the punishment themselves. 9 He was given a grave among the wicked; in His death, He was with a rich man. Although He had done no violence and had said nothing deceptive, 10 yet it pleased Adonai to crush Him with illness, to see if He would present Himself as a guilt offering. If He does, He will see His offspring; and He will prolong His days, and at His hand, Adonai’s desire will be accomplished. ~ Isaiah 53:8-10 (CJB)

My prayer is that all who might read this remarkable chapter might come to a saving knowledge of Messiah Yeshua as the Son of God who died and atoned for our sins.

In my next post, we will move on to Yesha’yahu 54 to learn about The Future Glory of Tziyon.

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The Suffering Servant Part ~ 13 ~ Yesha’yahu 53:12

In my last post, we continued to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:11. In this post, we continue to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:12.

The Servant Died and Rose from the Grave

12 Therefore I will assign Him a share with the great, He will divide the spoil with the mighty, for having exposed Himself to death and being counted among the sinners, while actually bearing the sin of many and interceding for the offenders. ~ Isaiah 53:12 (CJB)

Yesha’yahu 53 indicates that the Servant would die and yet would somehow prolong His days (verse 10) and receive a reward from Adonai. This speaks to His resurrection.

Returning to the theme at the beginning of the prophecy (52:13), the suffering of the Servant will give way to His exaltation. Yeshua’s suffering culminated in the execution but gave way to the resurrection.

Finally, Yeshua is the Successful One. Yeshua received the spoil, the treasure: you and me. Notice that He not only secured my salvation but maintains it as an intercessor. The writer to the Hebrews tells us He is totally able to deliver those who approach God through Him; since He is alive forever and thus forever able to intercede on their behalf. ~ Hebrews 7:25 (CJB) Therefore, He not only succeeded in securing our salvation, but He also succeeds as He works out our sanctification. Yeshua will see you through until He receives you in glory. What a magnificent Savior.

Other authors of the Brit Hadashah have these words of encouragement:

42 A second time he went off and prayed. “My Father, if this cup cannot pass away unless I drink it, let what you want be done.”  ~ Matthew 26:42 (CJB)

36 “But now,” He said, if you have a wallet or a pack, take it; and if you don’t have a sword, sell your robe to buy one. 37 For I tell you this: the passage from the Tanakh that says, ‘He was counted with transgressors,’ has to be fulfilled in Me; since what is happening to Me has a purpose.” ~ Luke 22:36-37 (CJB)

34 Yeshua said, “Father, forgive them; they don’t understand what they are doing.” They divided up His clothes by throwing dice. ~ Luke 23:34 (CJB)

14 I am the good shepherd; I know My own, and My own know me – 15 just as the Father knows Me, and I know the Father – and I lay down My life on behalf of the sheep. 16 Also, I have other sheep which are not from this pen; I need to bring them, and they will hear my voice; and there will be one flock, one shepherd. 17 “This is why the Father loves Me: because I lay down my life – in order to take it up again! 18 No one takes it away from Me; on the contrary, I lay it down of my own free will. I have the power to lay it down, and I have the power to take it up again. This is what My Father commanded me to do.” ~ John 10:14-18 (CJB)

The phrase other sheep is a reference to Gentile Believers.

34 Who punishes them? Certainly not the Messiah Yeshua, who died and – more than that – has been raised, is at the right hand of God and is actually pleading on our behalf! ~ Romans 8:34 (CJB)

6 Though He was in the form of God, He did not regard equality with God something to be possessed by force. 7 On the contrary, He emptied Himself, in that He took the form of a slave by becoming like human beings are. And when He appeared as a human being, 8 He humbled Himself still more by becoming obedient even to death – death on a stake as a criminal! ~ Philippians 2:6-8 (CJB)

25 and consequently, 28 so also the Messiah, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin, but to deliver those who are eagerly waiting for Him. ~ Hebrews 9:28 (CJB)

In my next post, we will complete our verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 14 in Yesha’yahu 53 by a recap of the key takeaways.

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The Suffering Servant Part ~ 12 ~ Yesha’yahu 53:11

In my last post, we continued to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:10. In this post, we continue to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:11.

The Servant Justifies Many

11 After this ordeal, He will see satisfaction. “By His knowing [pain and sacrifice], My righteous Servant makes many righteous; it is for their sins that He suffers. ~ Isaiah 53:11 (CJB)

The death of the Servant was designed to accomplish something very specific: our atonement! Because of His sacrifice, our sins can be viewed as righteous by Adonai. His atoning death made it possible for those who believe in Him to be forgiven of our sins (past, present, and future) and become transformed by the renewing of our minds.

Yeshua is the Satisfied One. Was Yeshua angry at what we put Him through? No. Hebrews 12:2 tells us it was for the joy set before Him, [He] endured execution on a stake as a criminal, scorning the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

Again, the Letter to the Hebrews explains the requirements of the sacrificial system in the Tanakh. The sacrifice of animals in the Temple was only a shadow of the reality to come when Yeshua became our sacrifice.

11 Now every cohen stands every day doing his service, offering over and over the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. 12 But this one, after He had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, sat down at the right hand of God, 13 from then on to wait until His enemies be made a footstool for His feet. 14 For by a single offering He has brought to the goal for all time those who are being set apart for God and made holy. 15 And the Ruach HaKodesh too bears witness to us; for after saying, 16 “‘This is the covenant which I will make with them after those days,’ says Adonai: ‘I will put my Torah on their hearts, and write it on their minds…,’17 He then adds, “‘And their sins and their wickednesses I will remember no more.’” 18 Now where there is forgiveness for these, an offering for sins is no longer needed. 19 So, brothers, we have confidence to use the way into the Holiest Place opened by the blood of Yeshua. 20 He inaugurated it for us as a new and living way through the parokhet, by means of His flesh. ~ Hebrews 10:11-20 (CJB)

Other writers of the Brit Hadashah have this to say about Yeshua’s atoning death.

My children, I am writing you these things so that you won’t sin. But if anyone does sin, we have Yeshua the Messiah, the Tzaddik [Righteous One], who pleads our cause with the Father. ~ 1 John 2:1 (CJB)

That is, God clears everyone who puts his trust in this man, even in regard to all the things concerning which you could not be cleared by the Torah of Moshe. ~ Acts 13:39 (CJB)

18 In other words, just as it was through one offense that all people came under condemnation, so also it is through one righteous act that all people come to be considered righteous. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man, many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the other man, many will be made righteous. ~ Romans 5:18-19 (CJB)

In my next post, we will continue a verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 13 in Yesha’yahu 53:12.

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The Suffering Servant Part ~ 11 ~Yesha’yahu 53:10

In my last post, we continued to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:8-9. In this post, we continue to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:10.

The Servant Sacrifice Is an Offering for Our Sins

10 yet it pleased Adonai to crush Him with illness, to see if He would present Himself as a guilt offering. If He does, He will see His offspring; and He will prolong His days, and at His hand, Adonai’s desire will be accomplished. ~ Isaiah 53:10 (CJB)

The death of the Servant is compared to the Temple sacrifice known as the guilt offering or simply offering. The offering was designed for the removal of guilt and its implied restitution (see Leviticus 5:14-16). This offering is designed to address a breach of faith or an act of sacrilege. Breach of faith would appropriately describe the violation of a covenant, while sacrilege generally refers to desecration of sacred areas or objects.

Yeshua is the Submitted One. He knew He would be crushed and stricken to bear the sin of all humanity – and yet He would present Himself as a guilt offering. That God was pleased to crush the Servant sounds mean-spirited, but His pleasure is explained by the fact that the Servant’s suffering justifies all who would come to believe in Him as THE Son of God. What seems harsh will turn out to be gracious.

The Letter to the Hebrews is one of the most essential parts of the Brit Hadashah for Jewish people to read and understand. It presumes a certain degree of familiarity with the Tanakh, as the writer demonstrates that Yeshua fulfills the Messianic expectations of earlier Jewish writings.

11 But when the Messiah appeared as cohen gadol of the good things that are happening already, then, through the greater and more perfect Tent which is not man-made (that is, it is not of this created world), 12 He entered the Holiest Place once and for all. And He entered not by means of the blood of goats and calves, but by means of His own blood, thus setting people free forever. 13 For if sprinkling ceremonially unclean persons with the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer restores their outward purity; 14 then how much more the blood of the Messiah, who, through the eternal Spirit, offered Himself to God as a sacrifice without blemish, will purify our conscience from works that lead to death, so that we can serve the living God! ~ Hebrews 9:11-14 (CJB)

In my next post, we will continue a verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 12 in Yesha’yahu 53:11.

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The Suffering Servant Part ~ 10 ~ Yesha’yahu 53:8-9

In my last post, we continued to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu 53:5-6. In this post, we continue to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu 53:8-9.

The Servant Suffered a Humiliating Death

8 After forcible arrest and sentencing, He was taken away; and none of His generation protested His being cut off from the land of the living for the crimes of My people, who deserved the punishment themselves. 9 He was given a grave among the wicked; in His death, He was with a rich man. Although he had done no violence and had said nothing deceptive… ~ Isaiah 53:8-9 (CJB)

For the first time, the passage reveals that the Servant’s suffering culminated in death. The death destined for the Servant was not only to be sacrificial and redemptive but also humiliating. This is consistent with the rest of the prophecy, which describes in detail the rejection of the Servant by the people of Adonai. He had come to serve.

Adonai is the Stricken One. After a mock trial, Adonai was brought before temple guards who blindfolded Him and then punched Him in the face. He could have called down angels and sent His attackers to hell. Instead, He absorbed their blows until His face was marred more than any man. And He did it for you. Before you fault those guards, who struck the face of Adonai realizes that perhaps your apathy toward Him is even a crueler blow.

Adonai is the Sincere One. His enemies could find no fault in Him (see Luke 23:4); the thief dying beside Him recognized He had done nothing amiss (see Luke 23:41); and so sure of His innocence was Joseph of Arimathea that he risked his standing in the community to provide Adonai a tomb. With Adonai, there is no fine print. He is exactly who He declared Himself to be and He does exactly what He says He’ll do.

Again, the writers of the Brit Hadashah have a lot to say about these two verses:

23 and they gave Him wine spiced with myrrh, but He didn’t take it. 24 Then they nailed Him to the execution-stake; and they divided His clothes among themselves, throwing dice to determine what each man should get. 25 It was nine in the morning when they nailed Him to the stake. 26 Over His head, the written notice of the charge against him read, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 27 On execution-stakes with Him, they placed two robbers, one on His right and one on His left. 28 [He was counted with transgressors.] [1] 29 People passing by hurled insults at Him, shaking their heads and saying, “Aha! So, you can destroy the Temple, can you, and rebuild it in three days? 30 Save yourself and come down from the stake!” 31 Likewise, the head cohanim and the Torah-teachers made fun of Him, saying to each other, “He saved others, but He can’t save himself!” 32 and, “So He’s the Messiah, is He? The King of Isra’el? Let Him come down now from the stake! If we see that, then we’ll believe Him!” Even the men nailed up with him, insulted him. 33 At noon, darkness covered the whole Land until three o’clock in the afternoon. 34 At three, he uttered a loud cry, “Elohi! Elohi! L’mah sh’vaktani?” (which means, “My God! My God! Why have you deserted Me?”) [2] 35 On hearing this, some of the bystanders said, “Look! He’s calling for Eliyahu!” 36 One ran and soaked a sponge in vinegar, put it on a stick and gave it to Him to drink. “Wait!” he said, “Let’s see if Eliyahu will come and take him down.” ~ Mark 15:23-36 (CJB)

57 Towards evening, there came a wealthy man from Ramatayim named Yosef, who was himself a talmid of Yeshua. 58 He approached Pilate and asked for Yeshua’s body, and Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59 Yosef took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen sheet, 60 and laid it in his own tomb, which he had recently had cut out of the rock. After rolling a large stone in front of the entrance to the tomb, he went away.~ Matthew 27:57-60 (CJB)

Kefa quotes from verse 9 when he writes: “He committed no sin, nor was any deceit found on His lips.”~ 1 Peter 2:22 (CJB)

In my next post, we will continue a verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 11 in Yesha’yahu 53:10.

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[1] Several translations omit verse 28, as does the CJB. But I inserted it here for clarification.

[2] As an aside, this is the first verse of Psalm 22 which the Rabbis had long believed was a Messianic Psalm.

The Suffering Servant Part ~ 9 ~ Yesha’yahu 53:5-6

In my last post, we began to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:4. In this post, we continue to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:5-6.

The Servant Died a Substitutionary Death for Our Sins

5 But He was wounded because of our crimes, crushed because of our sins; the disciplining that makes us whole fell on Him, and by His bruises, we are healed. 6 We all, like sheep, went astray; we turned, each one, to His own way; yet Adonai laid on Him the guilt of all of us. ~ Isaiah 53:5-6 (CJB)

Our passage today is the very heart of the prophecy! The death of the Servant would be redemptive; it was Adonai’s way of securing atonement for you and me. I could not help but remember the worship song: “Humble Thyself in the Sight of the Lord.”

Yeshua is the Suffering One. He was wounded because of our crimes. Doctors tell us there are five types of wounds. There is a contusion – which Yeshua received when men punched Him in the face. There is a laceration – which He received when the flagellum stripped the skin off His back and shoulders. There is penetration – which He received when a crown of thorns was beaten into His forehead. There is perforation – which He received when the spikes pierced His hands and feet, causing His body to writhe in spasms. Finally, there is incision – which He received when a soldier stuck a spear in His side. [1]

Why did Yeshua absorb those wounds? So that we could be healed.

Yeshua is also the Sin-bearing One. In 1 John 2:2 (see below), we read that Yeshua died not only for our sins but for the sins of the whole world. What a shock that must have been. Here, One who had never sinned suddenly took on all of the sin ever committed by everyone who has ever lived. The best estimates are that there are seventy-seven billion people who have lived on this planet. And Yeshua absorbed all of their sins -except the blasphemy of the Ruach, which is a person’s rejection of Him.

The writers of the Brit Hadashah had a lot to say about this short passage:

13 The God of Avraham, Yitz’chak, and Ya‘akov, the God of our fathers, has glorified His servant Yeshua — the same Yeshua you handed over and disowned before Pilate, even after he had decided to release Him. 14 You denied the holy and innocent one, and instead asked for the reprieve of a murderer! 15 You killed the author of life! “But God has raised Him from the dead! Of this, we are witnesses. 16 And it is through putting trust in His name that His name has given strength to this man whom you see and know. Yes, it is the trust that comes through Yeshua which has given him this perfect healing in the presence of you all. 17 “Now, brothers, I know that you did not understand the significance of what you were doing; neither did your leaders. 18 But this is how God fulfilled what He had announced in advance, when he spoke through all the prophets, namely, that his Messiah was to die. ~ Acts 3:13-18 (CJB)

30 As Philip ran up, he heard the Ethiopian reading from Yesha‘yahu the prophet. “Do you understand what you’re reading?” he asked. 31 “How can I,” he said, “unless someone explains it to me?” And he invited Philip to climb up and sit with him. 32 Now the portion of the Tanakh that he was reading was this: “He was like a sheep led to be slaughtered; like a lamb silent before the shearer, He does not open his mouth. 33 He was humiliated and denied justice. Who will tell about His descendants, since His life has been taken from the earth?” 34 The eunuch said to Philip, “Here’s my question to you – is the prophet talking about himself or someone else?” 35 Then Philip started to speak – beginning with that passage, he went on to tell him the Good News about Yeshua. ~ Acts 8:30-35 (CJB)

25 Yeshua, who was delivered over to death because of our offenses and raised to life in order to make us righteous. ~ Romans 4:25 (CJB)

28 so also the Messiah, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin, but to deliver those who are eagerly waiting for Him. ~ Hebrews 9:28 (CJB) Now that is another great promise for us today!!

24 He himself bore our sins in His body on the stake, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness – by His wounds you were healed. 25 For you used to be like sheep gone astray, but now you have turned to the Shepherd, who watches over you. ~ 1 Peter 2:24-25 (CJB)

2  Also, He is the kapparah [atonement] for our sins – and not only for ours but also for those of the whole world. ~ 1 John 2:2 (CJB)

In my next post, we will continue a verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 10 in Yesha’yahu 53:8-9.

Click here for the PDF version.

[1] Jon Courson’s Application Commentary Old Testament Volume 2.

The Suffering Servant Part ~ 8 ~ Yesha’yahu 53:4

In my last post, we concluded our exploration of the Character of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu 53. In this post, we begin to examine the Accomplishments of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:4. As promised earlier, with the change in topic from Character to Accomplishments we return to verse 4.

The Servant Bore Sorrows, Grief, and Sicknesses

4 In fact, it was our diseases He bore, our pains from which He suffered; yet we regarded Him as punished, stricken and afflicted by God. ~ Isaiah 53:4 (CJB)

For the first time, the reader learns that the Servant suffered on behalf of others. The cruel world would assume that the Servant somehow brought His suffering on Himself, never realizing that He was suffering for them.

According to Yesha’yahu, what the Servant would do for us would be very personal and profound. He would remove our sin and our alienation from Adonai, allowing us to experience the benefits of knowing Adonai personally. He would take away our pains and sorrows, giving us new life and true shalom.

What do the writers of the Brit Hadashah have to say about His accomplishment in this passage?

14 Yeshua went to Kefa’s home and there saw Kefa’s mother-in-law sick in bed with a fever.  15 He touched her hand, the fever left her, and she got up and began helping Him. 16 When evening came, many people held in the power of demons were brought to Him. He expelled the spirits with a word and healed all who were ill. 17 This was done to fulfill what had been spoken through the prophet Yesha‘yahu, “He Himself took our weaknesses and bore our diseases” ~ Matthew 8:14-17 (CJB)

28 “Come to Me, all of you who are struggling and burdened, and I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, because I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy, and My burden is light.” ~ Matthew 11:28-30 (CJB)

24 They were written also for us, who will certainly have our account credited too, because we have trusted in Him who raised Yeshua our Lord from the dead – 25 Yeshua, who was delivered over to death because of our offenses and raised to life in order to make us righteous. 1 So, since we have come to be considered righteous by God because of our trust, let us continue to have shalom with God through our Lord, Yeshua the Messiah. 2 Also through Him and on the ground of our trust, we have gained access to this grace in which we stand; so let us boast about the hope of experiencing God’s glory. ~ Romans 4:24-5:2 (CJB)

21 Indeed, this is what you were called to; because the Messiah too suffered, on your behalf, leaving an example so that you should follow in his steps. ~ 1 Peter 2:21 (CJB)

In my next post, we will continue a verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 9 in Yesha’yahu 53:5-6.

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The Suffering Servant Part ~ 7 ~ Yesha’yahu 53:8

In my last post, we continued to explore the Character of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu 53. In this post, we continue to examine the Character of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:9-10.

The Servant Was Righteous and a Good Man Who Suffered Innocently

9 He was given a grave among the wicked; in His death, He was with a rich man. Although He had done no violence and had said nothing deceptive, 10 yet it pleased Adonai to crush Him with illness, to see if He would present Himself as a guilt offering. If He does, He will see His offspring; and He will prolong His days, and at His hand, Adonai’s desire will be accomplished. ~ Isaiah 53:9-10 (CJB)

Yesha’yahu described the Servant as one who would suffer undeservedly; He was innocent, and we are guilty. He endures all that we deserve as a result of our sin. Like the sacrifices in the ancient Temple, the Servant was without blemish.

The guilt offering is designed to address a breach of faith or an act of blasphemy. Breach of faith would appropriately describe the violation of a covenant, while sacrilege generally refers to desecration of sacred areas or objects (see Leviticus 5:14-16). In this context, Isra’el’s violation of the covenant would be the most likely cause for a guilt offering to be required.

The Servant died unjustly and was buried as if He were an evil man. The pairing of the wicked with the rich man implies that the wealthy man got his riches by deceit. This may be confirmed by the final statement of the verse that the Servant had not spoken deceitfully. Yeshua was buried in a rich man’s tomb, that of Joseph of Arimathea.

That Adonai was pleased to crush the Servant sounds mean-spirited, but His pleasure is explained by the fact that the Servant’s suffering will justify many. What seems harsh will turn out to be gracious. The Servant’s pain, suffering, and death will function as a sacrifice offered when there was a transgression against the sacred things of the Lord. The sin of Adonai’s people was such a transgression.

Again, the writers of the Brit Hadashah confirm the specifics of Yesha’yahu’s prophecy being fulfilled by Yeshua.

57 Towards evening, there came a wealthy man from Ramatayim named Yosef, who was himself a talmid of Yeshua. 58 He approached Pilate and asked for Yeshua’s body, and Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59 Yosef took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen sheet, 60 and laid it in his own tomb, which he had recently had cut out of the rock. After rolling a large stone in front of the entrance to the tomb, he went away. ~ Matthew 27:57-60 (CJB)

21 Indeed, this is what you were called to; because the Messiah too suffered, on your behalf, leaving an example so that you should follow in His steps. 22 “He committed no sin, nor was any deceit found on His lips.” 23 When He was insulted, He didn’t retaliate with insults; when He suffered, He didn’t threaten but handed them over to Him who judges justly. ~ 1 Peter 2:21-23 (CJB)

20 Therefore we are ambassadors of the Messiah; in effect, God is making His appeal through us. What we do is appeal on behalf of the Messiah, “Be reconciled to God! 21 God made this sinless man be a sin offering on our behalf, so that in union with Him we might fully share in God’s righteousness.” ~ 2 Corinthians 5:20-21 (CJB)

In my next post, we will continue a verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 8 in Yesha’yahu 53:4.

Click here for the PDF version.

The Suffering Servant Part ~ 6 ~Yesha’yahu 53:8

In my last post, we continued to explore the Character of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53. In this post, we continue to examine the Character of the Suffering Servant in Yesha’yahu53:8.

The Servant Was Willing to Suffer

After forcible arrest and sentencing, He was taken away; and none of His generation protested His being cut off from the land of the living for the crimes of my people, who deserved the punishment themselves. ~ Isaiah 53:8 (CJB)

Here again, we see the impossibility of the Servant being the entire nation of Isra’el. After all, how can Isra’el be cut off from itself? For the first time, the passage reveals that the Servant’s suffering culminated in death.

After a mock trial, Yeshua was brought before temple guards who blindfolded Him and then punched Him in the face. He could have called down angels and sent His attackers to hell. Instead, He absorbed their blows until His face was marred more than any man. And He did it for you.

Again, the writers of the Brit Hadashah have something to say about His death.

Matthew 27:27-37 (CJB) says:

27 The governor’s soldiers took Yeshua into the headquarters building, and the whole battalion gathered around Him. 28 They stripped off His clothes and put on Him a scarlet robe, 29 wove thorn-branches into a crown and put it on His head and put a stick in His right hand. Then they kneeled down in front of him and made fun of Him: “Hail to the King of the Jews!” 30 They spit on Him and used the stick to beat Him about the head. 31 When they had finished ridiculing Him, they took off the robe, put His own clothes back on Him and led Him away to be nailed to the execution-stake. 32 As they were leaving, they met a man from Cyrene named Shim‘on; and they forced him to carry Yeshua’s execution-stake. 33 When they arrived at a place called Gulgolta (which means “place of a skull”), 34 they gave Him wine mixed with bitter gall to drink; but after tasting it, He would not drink it. 35 After they had nailed him to the stake, they divided His clothes among them by throwing dice. 6 Then they sat down to keep watch over Him there. 37 Above His head, they placed the written notice stating the charge against him,

THIS IS YESHUA THE KING OF THE JEWS

1 Pilate then took Yeshua and had Him flogged. 2 The soldiers twisted thorn-branches into a crown and placed it on His head, put a purple robe on Him, 3 and went up to him, saying over and over, “Hail, ‘King of the Jews’!” and hitting him in the face. 4 Pilate went outside once more and said to the crowd, “Look, I’m bringing Him out to you to get you to understand that I find no case against Him.” 5 So Yeshua came out, wearing the thorn-branch crown and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Look at the man!” ~ John 19:1-5 (CJB)

In my next post, we will continue a verse-by-verse examination of The Suffering Servant ~ Part 5 in Yesha’yahu 53:9-10.

Click here for the PDF version.