Hebrew Glossary

Because I have been actively involved in the Messianic Jewish Movement for more than 14 years, I tend to default to the Hebrew transliteration for Hebrew proper names and other unique words from the Scriptures.  As I add posts to this blog containing such Hebrew words, I will add the English version to this page.



Abba (Aramaic) My Father, Daddy
Adonai The Lord
Adonai-Tzva’ot The Lord of Hosts or Lord of Armies
Acharit-hayamim End times
Az’azel Scapegoat
B’midbar Numbers
B’resheet Genesis – In the beginning
B’rakhah Blessing
Besorah Good News
Brit Hadashah New Covenant (or Testament)
Cohanim Priests
D’varim Deuteronomy
Elisheva Elizabeth
Gei-Hinnom Literally, “valley of Hinnom”; called the Valley of the son of Hinnom in the Tanakh. Located south of (the Old City of) Yerushalayim; where the city’s rubbish was burned; hence, metaphorically, because of the fires, hell.
Goy (Goyim) Gentile(s)
Hag HaMatzah Feast of Unleavened Bread
HaKadosh The Holy One, a euphemism for Y-H-V-H.
Halakhah The collective body of Jewish religious laws derived from the Written and Oral Torah. It is based on biblical laws or “commandments”, subsequent Talmudic and rabbinic law and the customs and traditions compiled in the many books, one of the most famous of which is the sixteenth century Shulchan Aruch.
HaSatan The Adversary
Kefa Peter
Kehilah Community ~ This is a better translation for the Greek word ekklesia.  As a matter of fact, the Greek word for church is kyriakon which is not in the New Testaments.
Midrash An allegorical interpretation or homiletical application of a text. The hearer is expected to understand that the maker of the midrash is not expounding the plain meaning of the text but introducing his own ideas.
Miryam Mary
Mitzvah (Mitzvot) Command or Commandment (Mitzvot is the plural)
Moshe Moses
‘olam hazeh This age or this world
‘olam haba The world to come
Parokhet The curtain, specifically the one dividing the Especially Holy Place from the rest of the temple or tabernacle.
Pesach Passover
P’rushim Pharisee
Rosh Hashanah or Yom Teruah New Year or Day of Trumpets
Ruach HaKodesh The Holy Spirit
Sh’mot Exodus
Sh’mu’el Samuel
Shavu’ot Pentecost


Sh’khinah Divine Presence, the manifest glory of God present with humanity.
Shim’on Simeon
Shema or Sh’ma Hear O Israel (Deuteronomy 6:5)
Shlomo Solomon
S’mikhah Laying on of hands, ordination, grant of authority
Tanakh Old Testament
Talmid (singular) or Talmidim (plural) Disciple(s)
Tsuris Troubles
Tzaddik Righteous Person
Tzedakah Righteousness or Charity
Tzara’at Skin Disease (leprosy)
Ya’akov James or Jacob
Yarden Jordan
Vayikra Leviticus
Y’hoshua Joshua
Yonah Jonah
Yerushalayim Jerusalem
Yeshua HaMashiach Jesus The Messiah
Yochanan John
Yosef Joseph
Yom Kippur Day of Atonement
Tzaddik Righteous Person ~ when coupled with a definite article, i.e. the Tzaddik it means the Messiah.
Z’kharyah Zachariah



One thought on “Hebrew Glossary

  1. Pingback: I’m Baaaaaaack!! | My heart is for Israel

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.