As I stated in Part 2 of this series, I want to set the stage for what Yeshua says. The first two topics are introductory to the third topic.
Yeshua Appoints His Emissaries
The three Synoptic Gospel accounts prioritize Kefa and end with Y’hudah (Judas from Iscariot).
12 It was around that time that Yeshua went out to the hill country to pray, and all night he continued in prayer to God. 13 When day came, He called His talmidim and chose from among them twelve to be known as emissaries:
Luke has previously described how Yeshua called some of His talmidim (see 5:4–11, 27–28). Now He describes how He chose twelve of them to be his emissaries. Before this, He spent all night praying to God (6:12). Given this significant moment and the mounting hostility to His ministry, Yeshua sought time with His Father. This was how the Son of God approached critical moments and is the pattern we should follow when facing a decision.
14 Shim’on, whom he named Kefa; Andrew, his brother; Ya‘akov; Yochanan; Philip; Bar-Talmai; 15 Mattityahu; T’oma; Ya‘akov Ben-Halfai; 16 Shim’on, the one called the Zealot; Y’hudah Ben-Ya‘akov; and Y’hudah from K’riot, who turned traitor. ~ Luke 6:12-16 (see Mark 3:16-19 and Mattityahu 10:1-4)
Luke names the twelve men whom Yeshua designated as emissaries – including the one who turned traitor. These handpicked men would travel with Yeshua, learn from Him, and be granted special authority to share in the responsibility of proclaiming His Kingdom message.
Great Crowds Gather
17 Then, He came down with them and stood on a level place. A large crowd of His talmidim was there with great numbers of people from all Y’hudah, Yerushalayim, and the coast around Tzor and Tzidon; they had come to hear Him and be healed of their diseases. 18 Those who were troubled with unclean spirits were being healed; 19 and the whole crowd was trying to touch Him because power kept going out from Him, healing everyone. ~ Luke 6:17-19
Having been on a mountain (6:12), Yeshua descended and stood on a level place with a large crowd of his talmidim who had traveled from far and wide to hear him teach and be healed (6:17–18). Thus we come now the Sermon on the Mount.
Sermon on the Mount ~ Part A
As most of you already know, the Sermon on the Mount covers Mattityahu 5-7. We start with the Beatitudes and the Woes.
1 Seeing the crowds, Yeshua walked up the hill. After He sat down, His talmidim came to Him, 2 and He began to speak. This is what he taught them:
3 “How blessed are the poor in spirit!
for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs
How blessed. Greek Makarios corresponds to Hebrew Asher and means “blessed,” “happy,” and “fortunate” all at once so that no one English word is adequate.
4 “How blessed are those who mourn!
for they will be comforted.
5 “How blessed are the meek!
for they will inherit the Land!
6 “How blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness!
for they will be filled.
7 “How blessed are those who show mercy!
for they will be shown mercy.
8 “How blessed are the pure in heart!
for they will see God.
9 “How blessed are those who make peace!
for they will be called sons of God.
10 “How blessed are those who are persecuted
because they pursue righteousness!
for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
11 “How blessed you are when people insult you and persecute you and tell all kinds of vicious lies about you because you follow me!
12 Rejoice, be glad because your reward in heaven is great—they persecuted the prophets before you in the same way. ~Mattityahu 5:1-12 (see Luke 6:20-23)
24 “But woe to you who are rich, for you, have already had all the comfort you will get! 25 “Woe to you who are full now, for you will go hungry! “Woe to you who are laughing now,
for you will mourn and cry!
26 “Woe to you when people speak well of you, for that is just how their fathers treated the false prophets! ~ Luke 6:24-26
I deliberately did not comment on the Beatitudes or Woes in this post, as I will do that in the next post (or two).
In our next post, we continue to explore the Sermon on the Mount.