Summary of Revelation Chapter 20

The End Times

In my last post, we explored Revelation 20:13-15 ~ The End of the World ~ Part 2.  In this post, we continue our practice of summarizing the previous segment in our exploration of the Revelation of Yeshua to Yochanan and an introduction to the New Heavens and A New Earth.

Summary of Revelation Chapters 20 [1]

We just concluded what has been called the most controversial chapter in all of Scripture.

In the view of Premillennialists, the golden age of peace and righteousness will not and cannot be realized until Yeshua personally returns. He will then bind HaSatan for 1,000 years and reign over this earth with a rod of iron. The saints who rule with Him will be the righteous who have experienced resurrection earlier in His Second Coming. HaSatan will be given one last chance at the end of this time and will succeed in deceiving many people, but his rebellion will be supernaturally crushed, and he will be eternally judged.

The amillennial position takes the Millennium to represent the present age, extending from the First Advent to the Second Coming of YeshuaYeshua bound HaSatan (symbolically) when He lived and died on earth centuries ago. In the future, HaSatan will again be loosed to bring mischief upon the Kehilah, but the Second Coming of Yeshua will result in his demise and will usher in an eternal new creation devoid of evil, death, and the curse. [Do they sincerely believe that HaSatan is not currently alive and well and impacting planet earth today?]

Postmillennialists believe that there will be a future golden age during which HaSatan will be bound, and peace and righteousness will prevail throughout the earth. This will not be accomplished by the personal return of Yeshua, but by the power of the Besorah preached through the Kehilah to all nations.  At the end of this golden age, HaSatan will launch an abortive attempt t destroy the work of God once again. That will trigger Yeshua’s Second Coming.

And, that folks is the reason why I am a Premillennialist!

Introduction of Revelation Chapters 21 & 22 [2]

The New Creation

Will there be a literal New Heavens and New Earth? What is the New Jerusalem?

As with the rest of Revelation, there is no consensus among expositors regarding the closing chapters of the book.  However, as with Chapter 20, the disagreement among scholars does not divide along the lines of the Four Views we have been studying.

The New Heavens and the New Earth have been interpreted in primarily three ways: literally, symbolically of heavens, or spiritually.  Many tend to take the first position (as do most Futurists) and to acknowledge secondarily spiritual application to the present Kehilah.  A thumbnail sketch of each is:


  • Some take the descriptions in these chapters literally, as applied to a brand new planet and universe, which will be created after the close of the Millennium (premillennialists) or else at the Second Coming of Yeshua (some amillennialists and postmillennialists).
  • The New Jerusalem described here will be the eternal home of the redeemed.
  • This is the view of Futurists, especially dispensationalists. The focus is terrestrial.  The earth is restored to a condition like that which characterized the Garden of Eden.


  • Some spiritualize the whole vision, applying it to a nonmaterial state of existence in heaven.
  • Others take the New Heaven and New Earth to represent what Sha’ul call a New Creation (2 Corinthians 5:17). [It is hard for me to reconcile symbolically that Yochanan was describing a new physical place to represent new creatures in Yeshua as Rabbi Sha’ul was talking about in that passage.]
  • The New Jerusalem represents the Kehilah itself, constituted under the imagery of the new Holy of Holies in its present earthly existence.

In my next post, we’ll begin to explore an Overview of the New Creation in Chapter 21:1-8.

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[1] Material in this post is taken from “Revelation: Four Views, Revised & Updated” by Steve Gregg. Notations in brackets, if any, are my comments.

[2] Ibid.