In my last post, we looked at both Yochanan’s and Luke’s reporting on this topic, while the emissaries were still in the Upper Room. In Part 2, we will look at substantially the same conversation between Kefa (and the other emissaries) while they are on the Mount of Olives later that evening, as reported by Mattityahu and Mark.
30 After singing the Hallel, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 31 Yeshua then said to them, “Tonight, you will all lose faith in Me, as the Tanakh says, ‘I will strike the shepherd dead, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ 32 But after I have been raised, I will go ahead of you into the Galil.” 33 “I will never lose faith in you,” Kefa answered, “even if everyone else does.” 34 Yeshua said to him, “Yes! I tell you that tonight before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times!” 35 “Even if I must die with you,” Kefa replied, “I will never disown you!” And all the talmidim said the same thing. ~ Matthew 26:30-35 (CJB)
Jewish tradition suggests that after the meal, it was customary for two groups of worshippers to alternate singing verses of the psalms from the Hallel, which consisted of Psalms 113-118. The walk to the Mount of Olives took at least fifteen minutes.
Many Jews regarded Zechariah 13:7, which Yeshua refers to in verse 31, as a prophecy about Messiah. Yeshua’s quote implied that the Father Himself would strike Him. Although His crucifixion involved the conspiracy of religious leaders, Roman officials, and the betrayal of a friend, Yeshua viewed His death ultimately as the fulfillment of God’s righteous plan.
(See Part 1 for a discussion on the rooster crowing.)
29 Kefa said to Him, “Even if everyone else loses faith in you, I won’t.” 30 Yeshua replied, “Yes! I tell you that this very night before the rooster crows twice, you will disown me three times!” 31 But Kefa kept insisting, “Even if I must die with you, I will never disown you!” And they all said the same thing. ~ Mark 14:29-31 (CJB)
Quick-tongued Kefa declared his steadfastness, but Yeshua infallibly foreknew that Kefa would cower in the face of opposition. But Yeshua informed Kefa that not only would he fall away like the rest, he would also disown Him three times that very night. Though his motives may have been good, Kefa was not as spiritual as he thought he was. His pride and spiritual weakness would give HaSatan something to take advantage of. When we pridefully exalt our abilities and fail to depend on God, we become bait for the evil one.
While the accounts of the four Gospel writers are somewhat different, I do not view any differently as I would listening to four different witnesses describe the accident that they observed on the corner of Faith and Main Street. Not to mention that Luke was actually not a witness himself.
In my next post, Yeshua asks Kefa, Ya’akov, and Yochanan to accompany Him to the Garden of Gethsemane.